I’ve photographed these doves around our acre in all seasons. They seem to be the most common of the three dove species I’ve seen here, the other two being Mourning and Eurasian-collared Doves.
Southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, but has recently expanded throughout all of Texas, into Oklahoma, Louisiana and coastal Mississippi, and has been introduced into Florida.
Scrub, woodlands, desert, urban and cultivated areas. It builds a flimsy stick nest in any type of tree, where it will lay two eggs.
A variety of seeds, grains and fruits. Those in the Sonoran Desert feed on pollen and nectar, then the fruits and seeds of the saguaro cactus. They also eat from bird feeders (mostly what falls to the ground since they are largely ground foragers), favoring cracked corn.
- They are so dependent on the saguaro cactus for food, they time their migration and nesting to match its fruiting schedule.
- They use a secretion from the esophagus, called crop milk, to feed nestlings. Both parents may consume snails and bone fragments to help their bodies create this fluid.
- The 1980s song by Stevie Nicks “Edge of Seventeen” prominently mentions the White-winged Dove.
- The oldest White-winged Dove on record was at least 21 years and 9 months old. It was banded in Arizona and later recovered in Mexico.
- The Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s Website All About Birds: https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/White-winged_Dove/lifehistory