COMMON NAME: Rabid Wolf Spider
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rabidosa rabida
In the Bermuda Grass alongside the house. These spiders are fairly plentiful around here. When one is found inside the house we gently and carefully (so as not to harm it) capture it under a glass or other clear container and place it gently outside.
A male, distinguishable by the black front legs, as well as the smaller size.
These spiders aren’t as scary as their name implies. They generally don’t bite unless you behave in a aggressive, threatening way with them.
I came across this mama carrying her babies while walking in a shady corner of our property. I didn’t see her until she began walking, probably to get away from me. As I took this photo I thought she looked strange. It wasn’t until I saw the photo enlarged on my computer that I realized she had cargo.
On a mid-summer evening, tending to its web at the end of a branch on a large Oak tree. This species doesn’t build a web to catch prey, instead they weave silk to wrap their prey in, or to protect their young. I see a sac on the underside of the leaf just above the spider, but I also see part of something that is whitish in color behind the red fruit of the tree to the left of the spider.
A Few Details About This Species:
Range – Very common and widely distributed. East to central Texas and Oklahoma, northward to Nebraska. As far east as Maine and as far south as Florida.
Habitat – They like cotton fields and wooded areas. They usually live in holes, and garbage of various kinds. Sometimes around ponds or in deep burrows covered by debris.
Diet – Primarily insects and non-insect anthropods.
Other – Rabid wolf spiders communicate in many different ways. One way is through the release of pheromones. Both males and females lay out a dragline and deposit a chemical attractor on the line. Male wolf spiders intersect these lines and use their palps to follow the line for mating. Another type of communication is web vibrations. This type of communication, known as the substratum-coupled vibration system, is used mainly by males to attract females, but is also used for males to communicate with one another. Essentially, a male “plucks” the web fibers to play a “song”.